West Sumatra

Minangkabau or abbreviated as Minang refers to cultural and geographical entities characterized by the use of language, customs that adhere to the matrilineal kinship system, and Islamic religious identity.

Geographically, Minangkabau covers the land of West Sumatra, Minang people are often equated with Padang people, referring to the name of the capital city of the province of West Sumatra in the City of Padang. However, they usually refer to the group as Urang Awak, which means the same as the Minang people themselves.

Minang people are adherents of the largest matrilineal kinship system in the world. The principle of Minangkabau Adat is contained in the traditional statement of Basandi Syarak, syarak basandi Kitabullah (Adat based on law, law based on the Qur'an) which means adat based on Islamic teachings.

The city of Padang is the largest city on the west coast of Sumatra Island as well as the capital city of the West Sumatra province, Indonesia. The city is Indonesia's western gate from the Indian Ocean. [Its administrative area has an area of 694.96 km² with geographic conditions bordering the sea and surrounded by hills with an altitude reaching 1,853 masl.

The city of Bukittinggi (Minang language: Bukiktinggi, Jawi, بوكيق تيڠڬي) is the second largest economy in West Sumatra Province, Indonesia.

Bukittinggi City is located in the Bukit Barisan Mountains range or about 90 km north of Padang City. This city is on the edge of the Sianok Gorge and is surrounded by two mountains namely Mount Singgalang and Mount Marapi. Its location at an altitude of 909-941 meters above sea level makes Bukittinggi a cool air with temperatures ranging from 16.1 to 24.9 °C

Jam Gadang is the name for the clock tower located in downtown Bukittinggi, West Sumatra, Indonesia. This clock tower has a clock with a large size on four sides so called Jam Gadang, Minangkabau terminology meaning "big clock". Jam Gadang has a basic floor plan of 13 x 4 meters. The interior of the 26-meter-high clock tower consists of several levels, with the top level is the storage of pendulum.

Jam Gadang is built without the use of iron buffer and mortar. The mixture is only lime, the white part of an egg, and white sand.

Jam Gadang was completed in 1926 as a gift from the Queen of the Netherlands to Rook Maker, secretary or controleur Fort de Kock (now Kota Bukittinggi) during the reign of the Dutch East Indies. The architecture of the clock tower was designed by Yazid Abidin R.

Sianok canyon is a steep valley (canyon) located on the border of Bukittinggi city, in District IV Koto, Agam regency, West Sumatra. The valley extends and meanders as the city line from the southern Koto Gadang gorge to the Sianok Anam Suku village, and ends in the sub-district of Palupuh. Sianok gorge has a very beautiful scenery and also become one of the mainstay tourist attractions of the province.

The canyon Sianok, which is about 100 m deep, stretches along 15 km wide by about 200 m, and is part of the fault that separates the island of Sumatra into two longitudinal parts (Semangko fault). This fracture forms a steep wall, even perpendicular and forms a green valley-the result of the descending movement of the earth (sinklinal) -with the Bian Sianok (meaning rivers, in Minangkabau language) with clear water. In the Dutch colonial era, this gulf is also called karbouwengat or buffalo sanget, because of the many wild buffalo that live freely at the base of this canyon

Bukittinggi Japanese Tunnel (call as Lobang Jepang) is one of the historical tourist objects in the city of Bukittinggi, West Sumatra, Indonesia.

The Japanese hole is a protection (bunker) tunnel built by the Japanese occupying army around 1942 for defense purposes. Previously, the Japanese Hole was built as a place for storing supplies and equipment for Japanese army warfare, with a tunnel that reached 1400 m long and winding and had a width of about 2 meters.

A number of special rooms are located in this tunnel, including the reconnaissance room, ambush room, prison, and arsenal.

This Pagaruyung Palace is a residential building of the King which at the same time also be a place to run the government on the 19th. Pagaruyung Palace was originally founded by King Adityawarman in 1347 ago.

Istano Basa that stands today is actually a replica of the original. The original Istano Base was located on top of a broken Rock and burned down in a bloody riot in 1804. The palace was later re-established but burned back in 1966. The process of rebuilding Istano Basa was carried out by the laying of the tuo tunggak (main pole) on December 27, 1976 by West Sumatra Governor at the time, Aaron Zain. The new building was not erected on the old palace footprint, but in a new location to the south. In the late 1970s, this palace had been visited by the public.

is usually built on a piece of land belonging to a parent family and is only owned and passed from generation to generation to and from women only. This rule has a philosophical value that the level of women in Minang culture is highly respected.In addition, there are several other philosophical values of Minang traditional house which can be a distinctive feature that distinguishes it from other traditional houses in the archipelago.

Characteristics of Gadang House include: The shape of the roof is always pointy and looks like a buffalo horn contains the meaning of victory.Minang house roof is usually made of quality fibers that hold up even tens of years. Rumah Gadang is a house on stilts, therefore to get into it we have to climb the stairs that are usually located in front of the house. The staircase in the buah gadang house is only one fruit, it is a symbol that the Minang society is a religious society.

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